THE WORLD MARKET FOR POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT FLOWMETERS

 

 

Researched by:

 

 

Flow Research, Inc.

27 Water Street

Wakefield, MA 01880

781-245-3200

www.flowresearch.com

Project team: Jesse Yoder PhD., Michael Kirsch, Belinda Burum

 

Ducker Research Company, Inc.

6905 Telegraph Road Suite 300

Bloomfield Hills, MI 48301

248-644-0086

www.ducker.com

Project team: Nick Limb, Scott Shober

Lorena Ferrari

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Published by

 

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Ducker Research Company, Inc.

A Division of Ducker Worldwide

 

 

 

September 2002

 

 

 



TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Chapter Description Page Number

 

One........................... Executive Summary..................................................................... 1-1

Positive Displacement Flowmeters Will Be Around For Many
Years to Come.............................................................................. 1-1

Overview............................................................................................. 1-2

Worldwide Flowmeter Studies............................................................. 1-3

The Role of Viewpoint Pluralism in Worldflow................................... 1-5

Study Objectives.................................................................................. 1-7

Methodology....................................................................................... 1-7

Supplier Input...................................................................................... 1-8

Supplier Analysis.................................................................................. 1-8

OEM and End-User Analysis............................................................... 1-9

Forecasts........................................................................................... 1-10

Definitions.......................................................................................... 1-10

Fluid Types........................................................................................ 1-12

The PD Market is Actually Four Submarkets...................................... 1-13

Municipal Water................................................................................ 1-13

Municipal and Industrial Gas............................................................... 1-14

Oil..................................................................................................... 1-15

Industrial Liquids................................................................................ 1-15

Paradigm Case Applications............................................................... 1-16

Growth Factors for the Positive Displacement Flowmeter Market....... 1-16

Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide
by Region: Figures 1-1 and 1-2................................................... 1-16

Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide
by Application: Figure 1-3........................................................... 1-17

Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Positive Displacement
Flowmeters Worldwide: Figure 1-4............................................. 1-17

Emphasize the Advantages of Positive Displacement Flowmeters ........ 1-19

Offer a Variety of Models and Types of PD Meters............................ 1-20

 

Two........................... Introduction and Methodology................................................... 2-1

Overview............................................................................................. 2-1

Worldwide Flowmeter Studies............................................................. 2-2

The Role of Viewpoint Pluralism in Worldflow................................... 2-3

The Importance of Cross-Technology Research.................................... 2-5

New Studies vs. Updates..................................................................... 2-7

Leading Suppliers vs. All Suppliers....................................................... 2-7

Building a Mystery............................................................................... 2-8

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

Chapter Description Page Number

Two (continued)

Study Objectives.................................................................................. 2-9

Methodology....................................................................................... 2-9

Supplier Input.................................................................................... 2-10

Supplier Analysis................................................................................ 2-10

OEM and End-User Analysis............................................................. 2-12

Forecasts........................................................................................... 2-12

Definitions.......................................................................................... 2-12

Smart vs. Conventional Flowmeters.................................................... 2-14

Fluid Types........................................................................................ 2-15

The PD Market is Actually Four Submarkets ..................................... 2-15

Municipal Water................................................................................ 2-16

Municipal and Industrial Gas............................................................... 2-17

Oil..................................................................................................... 2-18

Industrial Liquids................................................................................ 2-18

Competitive Flowmeters..................................................................... 2-18

Smart Flowmeters.............................................................................. 2-19

Communication Protocols................................................................... 2-20

Geographic Regions .......................................................................... 2-24

End-User Industries........................................................................... 2-33

Positive Displacement Flowmeter Industry Structure........................... 2-34

Team History and Experience............................................................. 2-34

Flow Research, Inc............................................................................ 2-35

Ducker Research............................................................................... 2-41

Custom Projects................................................................................ 2-41

 

Three........................ Positive Displacement Flowmeter Product and
Technology Analysis................................................................... 3-1

Overview............................................................................................. 3-1

Paradigm Case Selection Method......................................................... 3-1

Positive Displacement........................................................................... 3-3

Paradigm Case Applications................................................................. 3-4

Accurate Metering Systems.................................................................. 3-5

American Meter................................................................................... 3-7

AW Company................................................................................... 3-11

Badger Meter.................................................................................... 3-14

Barton Instruments............................................................................. 3-16

Blancett............................................................................................. 3-18

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

Chapter Description Page Number

Three (continued)

Bopp&Reuther.................................................................................. 3-20

Burkert.............................................................................................. 3-22

DEA Engineering................................................................................ 3-24

EMCO.............................................................................................. 3-27

Emerson Brooks................................................................................ 3-29

Emerson Daniel.................................................................................. 3-33

Flow Technology............................................................................... 3-36

FMC Measurement Solutions............................................................. 3-39

Hedland............................................................................................. 3-44

Hoffer Flow Controls......................................................................... 3-46

Instromet........................................................................................... 3-48

Kral................................................................................................... 3-50

Liquid Controls.................................................................................. 3-52

Oval Corporation............................................................................... 3-54

RMG................................................................................................. 3-56

Siemens............................................................................................. 3-58

Sika................................................................................................... 3-60

Venture Measurement........................................................................ 3-62

 

Four.......................... Positive Displacement Flowmeter Market Size and Forecast.. 4-1

Overview............................................................................................. 4-1

Positive Displacement Flowmeters Will be around for Many Years
to Come ....................................................................................... 4-2

Growth Factors for the Positive Displacement Flowmeter Market ........ 4-4

Flowmeter Factors............................................................................... 4-4

Positive Displacement one of the Earliest Flowmeters............................ 4-4

The Large Number of Positive Displacement Flowmeter Suppliers........ 4-5

Positive Displacement Flowmeter Installed Base .................................. 4-7

High Accuracy a Major Factor ............................................................ 4-8

PD Meters Specified for Use by Approval Organizations ..................... 4-8

PD Meters Good for Measuring Low Flowrates .................................. 4-9

PD Meters Good for High Viscosity Liquids ...................................... 4-10

Evolutionary Change Occurring in PD Technology.............................. 4-10

The Advent of Foundation Fieldbus and Profibus ............................... 4-11

Macroeconomic Factors ................................................................... 4-13

Economic Downturn Hits US Economy.............................................. 4-13

Overview........................................................................................... 4-14

The Origins of the Accounting Scandals.............................................. 4-14

A Loss of Faith in the Stock Market................................................... 4-16

Other Causes of a Down Market........................................................ 4-17

Technology Stocks: A Special Case................................................... 4-17

Impact on the Process Industries........................................................ 4-19

A Return to Basics............................................................................. 4-20

Population Growth............................................................................. 4-20

Standard of Living Increases............................................................... 4-21

The Recovering Asian Economies....................................................... 4-21

New Plant and Building Construction.................................................. 4-22

Oil & Gas Production and Transportation........................................... 4-22

Factors Limiting the Growth of Positive Displacement
Flowmeters.................................................................................. 4-23

The Inherently Conservative Nature of Users in the
Process Industries........................................................................ 4-23

Competition from New-Technology Flowmeters ................................ 4-24

Competition from Traditional Technology Meters................................ 4-25

Perception of Positive Displacement Meters as Unreliable .................. 4-25

Companies Not Investing in Positive Displacement Meters ................. 4-25

Market Size and Growth Forecasts ................................................... 4-26

Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide
by Region: Figures 4-1 to 4-5...................................................... 4-27

Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide
by Application: Figures 4-6 to 4-13............................................. 4-28

Average Selling Prices of Positive Displacement Flowmeters:
Figure 4-14 to 4-17..................................................................... 4-28

Shipments of Positive Displacement Meters for Water
Applications: Figures 4-18 to 4-22.............................................. 4-28

Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Gas
Applications: Figures 4-23 to 4-27.............................................. 4-29

Shipments of Positive Displacement Meters for Oil Applications:
Figures 4-28 to 4-32.................................................................... 4-30

Shipments of Positive Displacement Meters for Industrial
Applications: Figures 4-33 to 4-37.............................................. 4-31

Shipments of Positive Displacement Meters by Type:
Figures 4-38 to 4-44.................................................................... 4-31

Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Fluid Type:
Figures 4-45 to 4-51.................................................................... 4-32

 

Five.......................... Positive Displacement Flowmeter Supplier Market Shares..... 5-1

Overview............................................................................................. 5-1

Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters
Worldwide: Figures 5-1 to 5-6...................................................... 5-1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

Chapter Description Page Number

Five (continued)

Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Meters for
Water Applications: Figures 5-7 to 5-8.......................................... 5-4

Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Meters for
Gas Applications: Figures 5-9 to 5-11........................................... 5-4

Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Meters for
Oil Applications: Figures 5-12 to 5-17........................................... 5-5

Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Meters for
Industrial Applications: Figures 5-18 to 5-20................................. 5-6

Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Meters
by Type: Figures 5-21 to 5-26...................................................... 5-6

 

Six............................ Strategies for Success................................................................. 6-1

Overview............................................................................................. 6-1

Become a Broad-line Supplier ............................................................. 6-1

Offer PD Flowmeters Designed for Specific Industries and
Applications................................................................................... 6-3

Offer a Variety of Models and Types of PD Meters.............................. 6-4

Form Alliances with Other Companies.................................................. 6-5

Emphasize the Advantages of Positive Displacement Flowmeters........... 6-6

Create a Coherent and Understandable Product Naming System........... 6-6

Build a Great Website.......................................................................... 6-8

Educate Your Customers about Positive Displacement
Flowmeters.................................................................................. 6-10

 

Seven....................... Positive Displacement Flowmeter Supplier Profiles.................. 7-1


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

Appendix Description Page Number

 

Appendix A.............. Phase One and Two.................................................................... A-1

 

Appendix B.............. Request for Input on Worldwide Positive Displacement and
Turbine Flowmeter Studies........................................................ B-1

 

Appendix C.............. End-User Questionnaire............................................................. C-1

 


LIST OF FIGURES

 

Figure

Number Description Page Number

 

1-1                   Total Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide.................... 1-22

1-2                   Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Region Worldwide............. 1-23

1-3                   Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide
by Application................................................................................................. 1-22

1-4                   Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Positive Displacement
Flowmeters Worldwide................................................................................... 1-25

 

 

2-1 New Technology and Traditional Technology Flowmeters................................. 2-42

2-2 Markets Sold into by Positive Displacement Flowmeter Suppliers..................... 2-43

2-3 Types of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Offered by Suppliers..................... 2-45

2-4 Communication Protocols Offered for Smart Flowmeters by Supplier............... 2-48

2-5 Flowmeters Approved by the Fieldbus Foundation........................................... 2-49

 

 

3-1 American Meter Company RPM..................................................................... 3-7

3-2 American Meter Company AC-250................................................................ 3-7

3-3 AW Company JV-KL Series, Spur Gear...................................................... 3-11

3-4 AW Company SRZ Series, Helical Gear....................................................... 3-11

3-5 Badge Meter Recordall Disc Series............................................................... 3-14

3-6 Badge Meter RCDL Disc Meters.................................................................. 3-14

3-7 Barton Instruments F2500............................................................................. 3-16

3-8 Barton Instruments F500............................................................................... 3-16

3-9 Blancett Series 500....................................................................................... 3-18

3-10 Bopp & Reuther Oval Wheel OK................................................................. 3-20

3-11 Bopp & Reuther Oval Wheel OI with UST................................................... 3-20

3-12 Emerson Brooks BM Series Oval Gear......................................................... 3-28

3-13 Emerson Brooks Series 9400 Oval Gear....................................................... 3-28

3-14 Emerson Daniel Birotor Plus.......................................................................... 3-31

3-15 Emerson Daniel BiRotor................................................................................ 3-31

3-16 Flow Technology DC-I Series....................................................................... 3-33

3-17 Flow Technology Tricklemeter Series............................................................ 3-33

3-18 Hedland The HJV-KL Series........................................................................ 3-40

3-19 Instromet The IRM-3.................................................................................... 3-44

3-20 Instromet The IRM-1.................................................................................... 3-44

3-21 Kral The OMH............................................................................................. 3-46

3-22 Kral The OMG............................................................................................. 3-46

3-23 Liquid Controls M-40................................................................................... 3-48

LIST OF FIGURES

(continued)

Figure

Number Description Page Number

 

3-24 Liquid Controls PD Meter............................................................................. 3-48

3-25 Oval Corporation Flowpet-NX..................................................................... 3-50

3-26 Oval Corporation Ultra Oval......................................................................... 3-50

3-27 RMG RMG 132 A....................................................................................... 3-52

3-28 RMG RMG 130........................................................................................... 3-52

3-29 Sika VZ AL.................................................................................................. 3-56

3-30 Sika VZ K.................................................................................................... 3-56

3-31 Venture Measurement Nutating Disc............................................................. 3-58

3-32 Venture Measurement Oscillating Piston........................................................ 3-58

 

 

4-1                    Total Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide
in (Millions of Dollars)...................................................................................... 4-33

4-2                    Total Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide
in (Thousands of Units).................................................................................... 4-34

4-3                    Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Region............................... 4-35

4-4                    Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Region
in (Percent of Dollars)...................................................................................... 4-36

4-5                    Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Region............................... 4-37

4-6                    Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide by
Application in (Millions of Dollars) and (Thousand of Units).............................. 4-38

4-7                    Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide by
Application in (Percent of Dollars).................................................................... 4-39

4-8                    Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide by Type................ 4-40

4-9                    Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Application
in North America............................................................................................. 4-41

4-10                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Application
in Europe......................................................................................................... 4-42

4-11                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Application in Japan........... 4-43

4-12                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Application
in Asia w/o Japan............................................................................................. 4-44

4-13                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Application in
Rest of World.................................................................................................. 4-45

4-14                Average Selling Price of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by Region............. 4-46

4-15                Average Selling Price of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by
Fluid Type in (North America) and (Worldwide).............................................. 4-47


LIST OF FIGURES

(continued)

 

Figure

Number Description Page Number

 

4-16                Average Selling Price of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by
Fluid Type in (Europe) and (Japan).................................................................. 4-48

4-17                Average Selling Price of Positive Displacement Flowmeters by
Fluid Type in (Asia w/o Japan) and (Rest of World)......................................... 4-49

4-18                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Water
Applications Worldwide in (Millions of Dollars)................................................ 4-50

4-19                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Water
Applications Worldwide in (Thousands of Units)............................................... 4-51

4-20                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Water
Applications Worldwide in(Millions of Dollars) and (Thousands of Units) ......... 4-52

4-21                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Water
Applications Worldwide in (Millions of Dollars)................................................ 4-53

4-22                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Water
Applications Worldwide................................................................................... 4-54

4-23                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Gas
Applications Worldwide in (Millions of Dollars)................................................ 4-55

4-24                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Gas
Applications Worldwide in (Thousands of Units)............................................... 4-56

4-25                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Gas
Applications Worldwide (Millions of Dollars).................................................... 4-57

4-26                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Gas
Applications Worldwide in (Millions of Dollars)................................................ 4-58

4-27                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Gas
Applications Worldwide................................................................................... 4-59

4-28                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Oil
Applications Worldwide in (Millions of Dollars)................................................ 4-60

4-29                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Oil
Applications Worldwide in (Thousands of Units)............................................... 4-61

4-30                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Oil
Applications Worldwide in (Millions of Dollars) and (Thousands of Units)......... 4-62

4-31                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Oil
Applications Worldwide in (Millions of Dollars)................................................ 4-63

4-32                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Oil
Applications Worldwide .................................................................................. 4-64

4-33                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Industrial
Applications Worldwide (Millions of Dollars).................................................... 4-65

4-34                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Industrial
Applications Worldwide (Thousands of Units).................................................. 4-66

 


LIST OF FIGURES

(continued)

 

Figure

Number Description Page Number

 

4-35                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Industrial
Applications Worldwide (Millions of Dollars).................................................... 4-67

4-36                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Industrial
Applications Worldwide in (Millions of Dollars)................................................ 4-68

4-37                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters for Industrial
Applications Worldwide................................................................................... 4-69

4-38                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide by Type................ 4-70

4-39                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide by Type................ 4-71

4-40                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters in North America
by Type........................................................................................................... 4-72

4-41                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters in Europe by Type.................. 4-73

4-42                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters in Japan by Type.................... 4-74

4-43                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters in Asia w/o Japan
by Type........................................................................................................... 4-75

4-44                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters in Rest of World
by Type........................................................................................................... 4-76

4-45                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide
by Fluid Type.................................................................................................. 4-77

4-46                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters Worldwide
by Fluid Type.................................................................................................. 4-78

4-47                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters in North America
by Fluid Type.................................................................................................. 4-79

4-48                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters in Europe by Fluid
Type................................................................................................................ 4-80

4-49                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters in Japan by Fluid Type............ 4-81

4-50                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters in Asia w/o Japan
by Fluid Type.................................................................................................. 4-82

4-51                Shipments of Positive Displacement Flowmeters in Rest of World
by Fluid Type.................................................................................................. 4-83

 


LIST OF FIGURES

(continued)

 

Figure

Number Description Page Number

 

5-1                    Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Positive Displacement
Flowmeters Worldwide...................................................................................... 5-8

5-2                    Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters
in North America............................................................................................... 5-9

5-3                    Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters in Europe.............. 5-10

5-4                    Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters in Japan................ 5-11

5-5                    Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters Asia
without Japan................................................................................................... 5-12

5-6                    Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters in Rest
of World.......................................................................................................... 5-13

5-7                    Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Water
Applications Worldwide................................................................................... 5-14

5-8                    Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Water
Applications in North America......................................................................... 5-15

5-9                    Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Gas
Applications Worldwide................................................................................... 5-16

5-10                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Gas
Applications in North America......................................................................... 5-17

5-11                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Gas
Applications in Europe..................................................................................... 5-18

5-12                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Oil
Applications Worldwide................................................................................... 5-19

5-13                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Oil
Applications in North America......................................................................... 5-20

5-14                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Oil
Application in Europe....................................................................................... 5-21

5-15                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Oil
in Japan........................................................................................................... 5-22

5-16                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Oil
Applications in Asia w/o Japan......................................................................... 5-23

5-17                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Oil
Applications in Rest of World........................................................................... 5-24

5-18                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Industrial
Applications Worldwide................................................................................... 5-25

5-19                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Industrial
Applications in North America......................................................................... 5-26

5-20                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of PD Flowmeters for Industrial
Applications in Europe..................................................................................... 5-27

5-21                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Diaphragm PD Flowmeters
Worldwide...................................................................................................... 5-28

LIST OF FIGURES

(continued)

 

Figure

Number Description Page Number

 

5-22                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Helical PD Meters
Worldwide...................................................................................................... 5-29

5-23                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Nutating Disc PD Meters
Worldwide...................................................................................................... 5-30

5-24                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Oval Gear PD Meters
Worldwide...................................................................................................... 5-31

5-25                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Piston PD Meters
Worldwide...................................................................................................... 5-32

5-26                Market Shares for the Leading Suppliers of Rotary Meters Worldwide............. 5-33

 


LIST OF TABLES

 

Table

Number Description Page Number

 

3-1                    Accurate Metering Systems Positive Displacement Flowmeters..................... 3-6

3-2                    American Meter Positive Displacement Flowmeters...................................... 3-8

3-3                    AW Company Positive Displacement Flowmeters....................................... 3-12

3-4                    Badger Meter Positive Displacement Flowmeters........................................ 3-15

3-5                    Barton Instruments Positive Displacement Flowmeters................................. 3-17

3-6                    Blancett Positive Displacement Flowmeters................................................. 3-19

3-7                    Bopp & Reuther Positive Displacement Flowmeters.................................... 3-21

3-8                    Burkert Positive Displacement Flowmeters.................................................. 3-23

3-9                    DEA Engineering Positive Displacement Flowmeters................................... 3-25

3-10                EMCO Positive Displacement Flowmeters.................................................. 3-27

3-11                Emerson Brooks Positive Displacement Flowmeters.................................... 3-29

3-12                Emerson Daniel Positive Displacement Flowmeters..................................... 3-32

3-13                Flow Technology Positive Displacement Flowmeters................................... 3-34

3-14                Summary of FMC Smith Meter Positive Displacement Flowmeters.............. 3-37

3-15                FMC Smith Meter Positive Displacement Flowmeters................................. 3-38

3-16                Hedland Positive Displacement Flowmeters................................................ 3-41

3-17                Hoffer Positive Displacement Flowmeters................................................... 3-43

3-18                Instromet Positive Displacement Flowmeters............................................... 3-45

3-19                Summary of Kral Positive Displacement Flowmeters................................... 3-47

3-20                Liquid Controls Positive Displacement Flowmeters...................................... 3-49

3-21                Oval Positive Displacement Flowmeters...................................................... 3-51

3-22                RMG Positive Displacement Flowmeters.................................................... 3-53

3-23                Siemens Positive Displacement Flowmeters................................................. 3-55

3-24                Sika Positive Displacement Flowmeters...................................................... 3-57

3-25                Venture Measurement Positive Displacement Flowmeters............................ 3-59

 


LIST OF PHOTOS

 

Photo

Number Description Page Number

 

2-1                    World Map................................................................................................ 2-26

2-2                    World Map by Region............................................................................... 2-27

2-3                    Map of Asia............................................................................................... 2-27

2-4                    Map of Europe.......................................................................................... 2-28

2-5                    Map of the Russian Federation................................................................... 2-28

2-6                    Map of China............................................................................................. 2-29

2-7                    Map of Japan............................................................................................. 2-29

2-8                    Map of Africa............................................................................................ 2-30

2-9                    Map of Middle East................................................................................... 2-31

2-10                Map of Canada.......................................................................................... 2-31

2-11                Map of the United States............................................................................ 2-32